Value Added Tax (VAT) Services Malta

VAT Rates in Malta: Your Comprehensive Guide

Welcome to our detailed guide on VAT rates in Malta. This page explains the various reduced VAT rates applicable to specific goods and services in Malta, excluding the standard rate of 18%. Discover the 12% VAT rate for custody and management of securities, credit management, pleasure boat hiring, and human body care services, the 7% VAT rate for accommodation and sports facilities, the 5% VAT rate for electricity, medical items, printed materials, and more, as well as the 0% VAT rate for essential food, pharmaceuticals, public and international transport. Understanding these rates ensures accurate billing and compliance with Maltese tax laws.

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Understanding VAT Registration Types

Vat Article 10:

Article 10 of the VAT Act specifies the registration requirements for taxable persons in Malta whose annual turnover exceeds certain thresholds. Once registered under Article 10, businesses are subject to several key obligations:

  • VAT on Taxable Supplies: Businesses must charge VAT on all taxable supplies of goods and services.
  • VAT Claims: They are entitled to claim back VAT incurred in the course of their taxable activities.
  • Quarterly VAT Returns: Businesses need to file VAT returns on a quarterly basis.
  • Issuance of Tax Invoices and Fiscal Receipts: For every taxable supply, a tax invoice or fiscal receipt must be issued, containing all necessary details as outlined in the VAT Act.
  • Record Keeping: It is mandatory to maintain records of all invoices where VAT has been claimed. These records must include the taxable person’s VAT number.
  • Mixed Supplies: Businesses making mixed supplies, involving both taxable and exempt items, are also required to register under Article 10.

Registration under Article 10 is crucial for compliance and enables businesses to manage their VAT duties effectively. Understanding and adhering to these requirements ensures that businesses can leverage VAT benefits while maintaining compliance with Maltese law.

Vat Article 11:

Article 11 of the VAT Act caters to taxable persons in Malta whose annual turnover does not exceed specific entry thresholds. These businesses have the option to register under Article 11, though they may still choose to register under Article 10 if it suits their business needs better.

Key Aspects of Article 11 Registration:

  • No VAT on Taxable Supplies: Unlike Article 10, businesses registered under Article 11 do not charge VAT on their taxable supplies of goods or services.
  • No VAT Reclaims: They are not permitted to claim back VAT incurred in the course of their taxable activities.
  • Annual VAT Declaration: Instead of quarterly VAT returns required under Article 10, Article 11 registrants need to file only an annual VAT declaration.
  • Issuance of Tax Invoices and Fiscal Receipts: Despite not charging VAT, businesses must still issue tax invoices or fiscal receipts for transactions, including all necessary details as stipulated in the VAT Act.

Opting for Article 11 registration can affect how businesses manage their tax liabilities and compliance. Understanding the nuances of this option helps ensure that businesses make informed decisions that align with their operational needs and compliance obligations.

Vat Article 12:

Article 12 of the VAT Act applies to companies not engaged in economic activities and therefore not registered for VAT, or taxable persons not registered under Article 10 who make intra-community acquisitions of goods exceeding €10,000 in value within a calendar year. Such entities must register under Article 12 and fulfill specific VAT obligations.

Responsibilities Under Article 12:

  • Registration Requirement: Entities must register under Article 12 if their intra-community acquisitions exceed the €10,000 threshold.
  • VAT on Acquisitions: VAT must be paid on these intra-community acquisitions of goods.
  • Submission of Notices of VAT Payment: Entities are required to submit Notices of Payment of VAT whenever they receive services from within or outside the EU, or make intra-community acquisitions.
  • Annual Declaration: An annual declaration must be filed to comply with VAT reporting requirements.

VAT Exemption Thresholds

CategoryEntry Threshold in
Exit Threshold in EUR
AEconomic activities consisting principally in the supply of goods35,00028,000
BOther economic activities30,00024,000

Learn more about Vat exemption.

VAT Consultation and Support Services

Expert VAT Advice and Assistance

Navigating the VAT registration process can be complex. Our team is dedicated to guiding you through the various types of VAT registrations, ensuring that you obtain your VAT number swiftly and efficiently.

Comprehensive VAT Services:

  • VAT Registration: We streamline the registration process, providing clear guidance on the most suitable VAT registration for your business needs.
  • Document Handling and Submission: Our experts compile and submit all necessary VAT-related documents, ensuring that periodic VAT returns and other mandatory submissions are completed accurately and filed on time with the relevant authorities.
  • Representation with VAT Authorities: We offer representation services, engaging directly with VAT authorities on your behalf. 

Why Choose Our VAT Services?

VAT Registration Guidance: We navigate you through the VAT registration, crucial for any individual or entity engaging in economic activities. Timely registration is essential to avoid penalties. Note that entities not engaged in economic activities, like pure holding companies, are exempt from VAT registration.

VAT Compliance Made Simple

Navigating VAT compliance involves understanding several key procedures that ensure proper reporting and payment of VAT under different articles of the VAT Act. Here’s a breakdown of the main compliance procedures applicable to various VAT registrations:

  • VAT Returns (Article 10 Registrations): Businesses registered under Article 10 must submit VAT returns within six weeks following the end of each VAT quarter. Failure to meet this deadline results in a monthly administrative penalty, which is the greater of €20 or 1% of the VAT due as recorded in the return. If the VAT payable is less than €250, penalties are capped at either the tax payable or €50 per VAT return, whichever is greater. Should the input VAT exceed the output VAT in any quarter, the excess will be refunded. Conversely, if output VAT is greater, the payable amount must be settled by the deadline to avoid a 0.54% per month interest charge.

    VAT Declarations (Article 11 & 12 Registrations): For businesses under Article 11, VAT declarations are due by 15th March following the calendar year end. For Article 12 registrations, the deadline is 15th February. Missing these deadlines incurs a monthly penalty of €10, capped at €120 per declaration.

    Notices of Payment of VAT (Article 12 Registrations): Notices of payment, using VAT FORM 004/2010, must be submitted to the Office of the Commissioner for Revenue by no later than the 15th day of the second month following the invoice date or the month during which the service was received, whichever is earlier.

    VAT Recapitulative Statements (Article 10 Registrations): Taxable persons under Article 10 may need to submit recapitulative statements to the EU’s VAT Information Exchange System (VIES) either monthly or quarterly. These statements, required when goods or services are supplied to VAT-registered entities in the EU where the customer is based, must be submitted by the 15th day of the month following the relevant quarter or month.

Beyond Compliance: VAT Grouping and MOSS

  • VAT Grouping: We guide entities through the VAT grouping application, optimizing VAT management for entities with financial, economic, and organizational links.
  • MOSS Scheme Assistance: For businesses offering electronic services in the EU, we simplify VAT payments through MOSS registration and compliance, streamlining the process for services provided to non-taxable persons within the EU.
At Precision Point Malta, we are dedicated to providing expert VAT advice and services tailored to your business needs. Embrace our professional guidance to navigate Malta's VAT landscape with confidence.


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VAT registration is a process where businesses or individuals engaging in economic activities are identified by the tax authorities and given a VAT number. In Malta, any person or company undertaking an economic activity, with certain exceptions, is required to register for VAT within 30 days from the start of their business activities to comply with tax regulations and avoid penalties.

In Malta, there are three primary types of VAT registrations, dictated by the VAT Act:

  • Article 10: For businesses with an annual turnover above specific thresholds, requiring them to charge VAT on taxable supplies and claim input VAT.
  • Article 11: For smaller businesses below the turnover thresholds, where charging VAT is not required, and VAT cannot be reclaimed.
  • Article 12: For entities making intra-community acquisitions or receiving services from abroad exceeding €10,000 annually, necessitating VAT registration under this article.

Failing to register for VAT within the required timeframe can result in significant administrative penalties. These penalties are designed to encourage timely compliance with VAT registration obligations, ensuring fair practice and contribution to the state’s tax revenues.

Ensuring VAT compliance involves several steps, including timely VAT registration, accurate submission of VAT returns and declarations, and adhering to payment deadlines for VAT due. Engaging with a professional VAT service provider like ours can help navigate the complexities of VAT compliance, offering peace of mind and allowing you to focus on your business operations.

VAT Grouping allows two or more VAT-registered entities in Malta, linked financially, economically, or organizationally, to be treated as a single VAT entity. This arrangement can simplify VAT reporting and potentially reduce administrative burdens, as transactions between grouped entities are disregarded for VAT purposes.

The Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) scheme simplifies VAT reporting for businesses providing digital services to consumers in other EU member states. By registering for MOSS, businesses can declare and pay VAT due on all EU sales through a single quarterly return in the member state where they are identified, avoiding the need to register in each country where their customers reside.

Our VAT services offer comprehensive support for businesses navigating Malta’s VAT landscape, including registration assistance, compliance management, representation with VAT authorities, and strategic advice on optimizing VAT positions. With our expertise, businesses can ensure full compliance, minimize liabilities, and focus on growth.